Indigo Medallion Stripe Necktie
To my knowledge there were two ways in which the stripe was achieved. Initially, the desired pattern was block printed with a starch-based resist onto fabric which was then dyed. A faster method was developed in the late 1800s and involved running the dyed goods through a printing press. Copper rollers with the raised patterns picked up a mildly acidic solution which was then transferred to the fabric. Wherever the solution was applied would "bleach" the fabric white, thereby creating the pattern. Discharge printing, as the process was called, was apparently abandoned in the 1930s. I have not done enough research to verify this date, but it seems to be generally accepted by the vintage community as the end of large scale production for this type of fabric in North America. The patterns achieved were endless, easily a thousand different designs (likely more) were produced by a handful of different manufacturers, J.L. Stifel & Sons of Wheeling, West Virginia being the most notable.
This Indigo Medallion Stripe fabric is shirting weight which produces a nice, tight knot. It has no manufacturers stamp on its back, but it surely dates to the early 1900s, if not earlier.
Vintage Indigo Medallion Stripe, 100% Cotton
53" long x 2.75" wide
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